Climate change brings opportunities in tourism

A milder climate in central Europe, most days of sun in summer, and the development of competitive relations between the Mediterranean and the Alps: The climate changes associated with the opening of the Swiss tourism and new opportunities.

The chances of a climate change outweigh its risks, estimates the Institute of Leisure and Tourism at the University of Bern (FIF), at least in general refers to Switzerland. However, there are regional differences: How should the Alps, the Great Lakes regions and cities are higher than the opportunities.

For the region of the Alps, however, outweigh the risks, according to FIF. In the case of Switzerland Tourism (ST), held in an atmosphere of study included the lack of snow in winter as major risk. This could be the Alps in the summer as places of "mountain fresh" benefit.

The term "mountain fresh" is considered by industry as a combination of "mountain Sommerfrische holiday and after the experience of the heat of summer 2003 was created. So many people recovered at higher elevations of heat, instead of lead to the sea.
Change of winter to summer

Therefore, in future, especially in hot summers, with temperatures in the mountains and vacations to promote high altitude. And the traditional summer holiday Mediterranean region is likely to increase heat exhaustion.

While it is too hot for the holidays could be taken under the FIF in Swiss cities during the summer for Mediterranisierung. This was for the Swiss cities of vacation more attractive.

Extreme weather events and natural hazards, which disrupt the holidays, unless in the Alps in summer than in winter when it is to expect too much snow falls, or a robbery unverhoffter hot track brown leaves.
Other family structures, lack of Skiing

Climate change is just one of several reasons why the winter tourism manifest difficulties. Modern family structures are also to blame: How can the common mosaic of divorce or families without traditional sports holiday times weeks before using it.

In the families of the missing Secondos Skiing, and schools were previously mandatory ski disappeared.

This combination of reasons leads to the following estimates of ST trend:

In summer, the number of visitors is growing steadily, most of the Alps, at least in cities. In winter, it will stagnate in the Alps even decline.

In terms of income per person is concerned, should be done to individuals and some foreign markets will increase. Instead, visitors just Fernmärkten ST expects higher sales.
Tourism: Both affected both mitverursachend

As agriculture and other sectors of the tourism caused by climate change, but feels its negative effects. Worldwide represents 5% of total CO2 emissions in tourism. In particular, transport (travel) causes gas emissions: 32% of the road, 40% air. The hotel is 21%.

Increasingly effect, according to ST and FIF addition of heating and cooling gas. In Switzerland, especially in the critical, the little-used, but constant heat second and holiday homes.
Climate neutral

The consequences caused by tourism, suffer harmful emissions Swiss resorts in turn is due to the tourism industry according to the study are required to help reduce gas.

For example, tourism has from the outset as climate-neutral forms: an increase in emissions, or other means of compensation.

As a positive example, called FIF Arosa, climate neutrality is Winterpauschalen: For hoteliers, restaurant owners, transporters, and invited them klimafreundlichem behavior suggested. Be offset by funding a project to reduce methane emissions.

Monorail opens early 2007 in Switzerland, for example, saves the day Tschuggen Grand Hotel about 100 taxis.
Increased reflection of snow Photovoltaik

Davos, in turn, found that 75% of all CO2 emissions in the heat, because the city due to its cool climate, need more energy per capita. They are now mainly in the heating sector alternatives.

St. Moritz finally highest in Europe are the City of Energy: hydropower, wind, solar and biogas are available and encouraged.

Thanks to the snow from the solar radiation can reflect the performance of photovoltaic systems sometimes up to 50%.
Klimaneutral travel to Switzerland

Just as today, airline tickets by the award of compensation and climate-friendly on the Internet are available in future trips to vacation in Switzerland and is also able to offer climate neutral.

Confederation and the cantons to be as close to the FIF their promotion projects are also relevant in the climate of verification.

swissinfo, Alexander Kunzle



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