Humanities Vs Geisteswissenschaften

2 months ago I visited Paul Michael Lützeler in the room and good estimates the probability of success of new degree programs in humanities. Even then I burned on the nails, which for many years in the United States invited to the teaching of academic literature about the differences and similarities between American and local human illuminate the humanities. Also in the comments, the issue already touched. In short, it is now - Mike wanted to once again welcome in the pub good! You have the floor.

Humanities Vs Geisteswissenschaften

The difference between American and German Humanities Humanities is probably less than is commonly assumed. Both are collective terms for the historical sciences of life involved in the languages and literatures (mostly) with the arts (visual arts, theater, music), philosophy and religion and history. Have their origin in the seven liberal arts, as in the universities of medieval Europe, were taught, so that the Trivium (grammar, rhetoric, logic) and Quadrivium (geometry, arithmetic, music and astronomy). For the differentiation of science, however, many of the seven liberal arts have migrated to areas that are now directly (such as astronomy) or indirectly (geometry and arithmetic) to include the natural sciences. Furthermore, the revival of a scientific understanding achieved: Was in the Middle Ages to the exercise of the seven liberal arts stakeholders, which are transformed into subjects whose history is studied.

Especially during the 19th century, the number of science subjects with the rapid industrialization and in the 20th century law, as well as new disciplines such as sociology, psychology, anthropology, political science and economics at the concept of "social sciences" of the humanities outsourced. In both Germany and America have been used for the practical teaching of the arts academies or schools based on that expertise as a musician, sculptor, photographer and film and theater actor, were trained. More often than in Germany, the arts in America, however, also teach in universities, which then, however, rarely to be counted Humanities and often their own "schools" that the powers in Germany, have .

Like Germany, the humanities, but also played in the U.S., the humanities in the formation of national identity is important. Within the humanities, it was again the German Amerka in English / American, who each played a role. The latter is responsible for the formation of American national identity is still important that the German in Germany, because in America there have been countless subcultures of immigrants through the different languages and dialects verständigten. The English had a national language in the U.S. apply only while the German language in the rule established in 1871 (with some exceptions) as the accepted language of the nation.

The similarity of the humanities in the humanities has to do with several factors. On the one hand, American universities at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th Century, called the Graduate School is, according to the College English-built training (Master's and PhD), then that the German model was structured. In addition, thousands of immigrant Jews, Hitler in Germany and Austria has been circulated in the 1940s to 1990, with his American Humanities originating in Germany strongly influenced methods. Unlike the humanities in Germany, the Humanities in the Americas after 1945, no culture and no fracture reassessment. As for his methods in the postwar period, but were relatively similar in the two countries dominated inherent structural methods.

That changed in the decade following the 1960 student movement, which in both countries culturally, left their footprints. From now on, made a strong inter-professional, multi-, inter-and transdisciplinary relevance. The result in both countries meant that more and more you can say that passed, "Cultural Studies and Cultural Studies to operate. Both in the U.S. as in Germany and have been here since the general concepts of the humanities and social sciences to cultural studies and cultural studies replaced, but the trend seems to be declining in both countries. Diesseits across the Atlantic as you can for the moment a clear statement of the items, their methodological characteristics and their history in the humanities and social sciences to see, just because one of the issues in the dialogue and strengthen the work transdisciplinary is interested. The internationalization of science has led to differences in methods of the humanities and the humanities have become increasingly small. Cross-scientific discourse, to which the contributions of many countries have provided (such as poststructuralism, gender studies, post-modernism, multiculturalism, media studies, postcolonialism and globalization) in the two countries have similar approaches to debate and interpretation approaches. Currently, a large plurality in both the humanities and the humanities can be seen. This shows that when the investigation is subject to certain of its criteria for inspiration - in the wake of fashion - a dominant issue in all or a heranträgt current method also applies to inappropriate objects. [February 19, 2008, 08:35]

Carsten Könneker, Humanities Vs Geisteswissenschaften,